The Albany Graphite Deposit
Graphene Precursor Material
Unique Graphite Deposit
In 2011, ZEN Graphene Solutions Ltd. discovered a one-of-a-kind, igneous-related graphite deposit in Northern Ontario known as the Albany Graphite Deposit. It is the largest and only known high-purity, fluid-related (volcanic in nature) graphite resource that is under development in the world.
ZEN made this discovery just as graphite and graphene were gaining global prominence. ZEN’s custom purification process marked a significant step in the evolution of graphene production. The hydrometallurgical purification process results in a graphite product purity of approximately 99.8% Cg. This high-quality precursor graphite is ideal for the production of graphene and graphene derivatives that can be used in a wide variety of applications including graphene-enhanced concrete and other composite materials.
Albany Deposit Geology
Unlike other graphite deposits, the Albany Graphite Deposit is comprised of two vertical breccia pipes. Both extend to a minimum of 500 meters and are open at depth. Overlain by muskeg, glacial till and Paleozoic carbonate rocks of the James Bay Lowlands, there is no surface expression.
Petrography and geochemistry by Prof. Conly and his research group indicates that the graphite occurs in the breccia matrix as disseminated crystals, crystal aggregates and veins as well as along crystal boundaries and smaller veins penetrating the breccia fragments. The gangue mineralogy of the matrix consists predominantly of feldspar, moderate quartz, minor phlogopite and amphibole as well as trace amounts of pyrite, pyrrhotite and magnetite. A syenite sill post-dates the graphite mineralization and intrudes both pipes.
Prof. Conly interprets the graphite deposit as near surface volcanic vent breccias formed during the ascent of carbon-rich fluids (carbon dioxide and methane) that separated from the alkalic magmas of the Albany Alkalic Complex. Please see the 2015 paper by Conly and Moore for more details on the geology and genesis of this unique deposit.
The Albany Graphite Deposit is located in northeastern Ontario, near the community of Constance Lake First Nation and the town of Hearst, about 30 km north of the Trans-Canada Highway. Infrastructure including power lines and a natural gas pipeline are located nearby with a rail line 70 km away and a forestry access road 9 km to the south.